FRANKLIN

FRANKLIN, English family active in communal, public, and economic life. BENJAMIN WOLF FRANKLIN (1740–1785), a teacher of Hebrew, went to England from Breslau about 1763. His youngest son, ABRAHAM (1784–1854), after spending his early life in Portsmouth, settled in Manchester and traded with the West Indies. Of Abraham's 12 children, three gained prominence: BENJAMIN (1811–1888) was a merchant in Jamaica where he was active in public and communal life. JACOB (1809–1877), first an optician and then a West Indies merchant, was a mathematician, accountant, and writer on accountancy. A staunch advocate of religious Orthodoxy, he founded and edited the Voice of Jacob as a mouthpiece against Reform (it was later merged with the Jewish Chronicle, to which he contributed   as "She'erit Ya'akov"). Active in many communal organizations, he left the bulk of his fortune for educational projects, including the publication of Jewish textbooks. ELLIS ABRAHAM (1822–1909) moved from Manchester to London in 1842 and joined a banking house. Friendship with Samuel montagu , whose sister he married in 1856, led to his joining the firm established by Montagu and his brother in 1852. A patriarchal figure, he took an active interest in many communal organizations. Ellis' daughter BEATRICE married herbert samuel . His son, SIR LEONARD (1862–1944), senior partner in the family banking firm A. Keyser and Company, was a Liberal member of parliament, and was also active in synagogal administration. Another of his sons, ARTHUR ELLIS (1857–1938), besides his banking interests, was chairman of the Routledge publishing firm, president of the Jewish Religious Education Board, vice president of the Board of Guardians, and vice principal of the Working Men's College. He assembled a memorable collection of Jewish ritual art, now in the Jewish Museum, London. His son ELLIS (1894–1964) was similarly active in Anglo-Jewish communal life. Ellis' daughter, rosalind franklin (1920–1958) was a distinguished chemist, particularly noted for her work on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). She died tragically young, just as the importance of her research was being noted. Her life has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years as an eminent woman scientist cut off in her prime, and who was arguably denied her full credit through the sexism of the time. A commemorative plaque was placed on the building where she lived in Chelsea, London. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A.E. Franklin, Pedigrees of the Franklin Family (1915); idem, Records of the Franklin Family and Collaterals (19352); J. Picciotto, Sketches of Anglo-Jewish History (19562), index; V.D. Lipman, Century of Social Service 1859–1959 (1959), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Bermant, The Cousinhood, 281–86; ODNB online for Jacob Franklin, Rosalind Franklin; John D. Watson, The Double Helix (1968); A. Sayre, Rosalind Franklin and DNA (1978); J. Glyn, "Rosalind Franklin, 1920–1958," in: E. Shils and C. Blacker (eds.), Cambridge Women: Twelve Portraits (1996), 267–82. (Vivian David Lipman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Franklin — often refers to Benjamin Franklin, a Founding Father of the United States. It may also refer to: Franklin (given name) Franklin (surname) Contents 1 Entertainment 2 Places …   Wikipedia

  • Franklin — Franklin, NE U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 1026 Housing Units (2000): 498 Land area (2000): 0.997641 sq. miles (2.583877 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.997641 sq. miles (2.583877 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Franklin — ist ein englischer Familien und Vorname, siehe Franklin (Name) – dort auch zu Namensträgern die CGS Einheit für die elektrische Ladung, siehe Franklin (Einheit) der Name zweier Inseln, siehe Franklin Insel der Fluss Franklin River in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franklin — (de «Benjamín Franklin», científico y político estadounidense del siglo XVIII) m. Fís. Franklinio. * * * franklin. (De B. Franklin, 1706 1790, científico y político estadounidense). m …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • franklin — (de «Benjamín Franklin», científico y político estadounidense del siglo XVIII) m. Fís. Franklinio. * * * franklin. (De B. Franklin, 1706 1790, científico y político estadounidense). m. Fís. Unidad de carga eléctrica en el Sistema Cegesimal,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franklin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El nombre Franklin puede hacer referencia a: Personajes franklin arias Bedoya,Student of the Institucion J.C.M Benjamin Franklin, político y científico estadounidense. Aretha Franklin, cantante estadounidense. John… …   Wikipedia Español

  • franklin — FRÁNKLIN, franklini, s.m. Unitate de măsură a sarcinii electrice. – Din fr. franklin. Trimis de zaraza joe, 15.01.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  fránklin s. m. (sil. frank ), pl. fránklini; simb. Fr Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • Franklin, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 7212 Housing Units (2000): 3281 Land area (2000): 4.622506 sq. miles (11.972235 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.081422 sq. miles (0.210881 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.703928 sq. miles (12.183116 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Franklin [1] — Franklin, 1) Benjamin, geb. 17. Jan. 1706 in Boston, war der Sohn eines Seifensieders. Anfangs für den geistlichen Stand bestimmt, trat F. später als Lehrling in das Geschäft seines Vaters, dessen Vermögen nicht zureichte, dem Sohne eine gelehrte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • FRANKLIN (B.) — FRANKLIN BENJAMIN (1706 1790) Né à Boston, Benjamin Franklin est élevé dans une atmosphère puritaine: Il est d’abord imprimeur journaliste et publie avec son frère le New England Courant , puis à Philadelphie La Gazette de Pennsylvanie . Il édite …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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